Reetha (Soap nut)

Origin: Sapindusmukorossi is a type of tree in the Sapindaceae family. The fruit is addressed as Indian Soapberry. It is additionally a local of Western waterfront Maharashtra – Konkan, and Goa in India.  In India and Nepal, Sapindusmukorrossi is titled asritha or reetha tree. In India and Nepal, the soapnut (sapindusmukorossi) is a homegrown cleanser that has been utilized in day by day life since time immemorial. What's more, the decoction of this regular item isn't utilized for clothing, yet basically for all cleaning exercises inside the home. 
The soapnut tree was initially local to southern India, however today it is far-reaching all through the nation. The soapnut tree, by and large, develops to the tallness of as much as 15 m, with the crown of the tree around 1.50m in width. The natural product (soapnuts) is collected in September/October. The ready nuts are brilliant in shading and are sticky. They are put away and permitted to dry; their shading swings to a ruddy darker and the stickiness reduces. In the wake of being collected, the soapnuts are broken. The shells are cautiously dried and stuffed in material sacks. The internal dark nut is unsatisfactory for eating or washing. The shells, then again, contain profitable fixings that loan themselves consummately to washing clothing. They contain the substance saponin, which has comparative impacts on cleanser. 

Reetha or soapnut, (deductively called SapindusMukorossi) is a typical Ayurvedic therapeutic herb. It is fundamentally a minor, round nut (like the walnut) that is accessible in practically any store selling Indian herbs and restorative plants. The herb contains 'saponins' (a class of synthetic aggravates that makes froth when shaken with water), which hold the capacities to 'clean and wash'. Along these lines, when interacts with water, reetha makes mellow cleanser like suds. This makes the herb an adaptable one. 

Scientifically: This cleaning substance that is effectively accessible, reasonable, reusable, and eco-accommodating has been utilized to wash garments, cleaning gems, treating certain ailments, etc. for centuries.  In any case, the utilization of reetha as a hair care item is unquestionably the most well-known ever. 

The soapnut contains the compound of saponin, which has normal purifying properties, and in this way, the soapnut can be utilized as a chemical for hair, skin, and clothing. These saponins are additionally helpful as bug sprays, for removing head lice of the scalp.
It has been proposed that the soapnut can be utilized as a characteristic solution for some medical issues, such as for treating migraine cerebral pains. In addition, it can also be employed for curing dermatological purposes, for example, utilizing the seeds to expel skin contaminations like pimples or dermatitis. 
Scientists have discovered that the Ritha can be utilized in an upgraded oil recuperation technique. To mention the names: Chhetri, Watts, Rahman, and Islam (2009) found that separates from the soapnut can be utilized as a natural surfactant to expand the portability of oil from the fields. Moreover, analysts have shown the potential for the soapnut to be utilized as a characteristic surfactant for washing arsenic from soils that are rich in iron.

Usage: Reetha works as an incredible conditioner that promotes hair growth. A large number of Ayurveda lovers, mix soapnut powder with ayurvedic herbs to make a body cleanser. 

Below are some DIYs to make your hair and skin beautiful:

-    Take a couple of reetha nuts and a few bits of shikakai in a bowl. Add some boiling water to that and leave it overnight. Next morning, spread the bowl with a tight cover and shake the entire thing admirably until you see the fluid foaming up a bit. This is the point at which your cleanser is prepared to utilize. Strain the fluid out, however, don't discard the utilized soapnuts and shikakai. Or maybe, take another container of water and spot them inside it for later use.
-     Crush a bunch of dried reetha nuts into a fine powder. Additionally, crush a bunch of dried shikakai pieces into a smooth powder. Blend both of these ground fixings together so as to set up a homegrown blend of hair flush. Add some water to this blend and make an even mixture of medium consistency. Now, massage your scalp with this for 2 to 3 minutes. Then wash it off. 
-    Take three tablespoons of soapnut powder, 1 tablespoon of lemon juice and two tablespoons of yogurt, mix them together. Apply this paste to your hair roots and length. Keep it on for 45 minutes and the shampoo your hair. This pack adds a natural sheen to the hair.
-     Soak 7-10 reetha overnight in half a litre of water. Strain it in the morning, blend it and apply on your scalp. Keep it on for 45 minutes and rinse with shampoo. This pack strength the hair roots.
-    Make a mix of reetha liquid and any essential oil (few drops). Mix and apply the same on your face. Use this regularly for a smoother texture.